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Менялы и ростовщики




Two Tax Collectors by Quentin Massys






===============The Calling of Matthew============
-------------------------------
Иисус увидел человека, сидящего у сбора пошлин, по имени Матфей, и говорит ему: следуй за Мною. И он встал и последовал за Ним.



CARPACCIO, Vittore
The Calling of Matthew
1502
Tempera on canvas, 141 x 115 cm
Scuola di San Giorgio degli Schiavoni, Venice


The Calling of Matthew
Workshop of Jan Sanders van Hemessen (Netherlandish, active by ca. 1524, died ca. 1564)
Oil on wood
Metropolitan Museum of Art

Караваджо трактовал сюжет как сцену из современной жизни. В тёмном помещении за столом идёт подсчёт выручки. Охранники, вооружённые молодые люди, одетые по последней моде повернули головы в сторону вновь прибывших. Одежда мытаря свидетельствует о его состоянии. Из всех присутствующих лишь Левий понял, кто стоит перед ним. В изумлении, он вопросительно указывает на себя, ожидая подтверждения.


CARAVAGGIO
The Calling of Saint Matthew
1599-1600
Oil on canvas, 322 x 340 cm
Contarelli Chapel, San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome



The Calling of Matthew
1536
Oil on panel, 117,2 x 135,2 cm
Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Ghent



Brugghen, Hendrick ter - The Calling of St. Matthew - 1621

Hendrik ter Brugghen - De Roeping van Sint Mattheus



BERNARDO STROZZI
Italian, 1581-1644
The Calling of Saint Matthew, about 1620


------------------Изгнание из храма-----------------
======================================================





Christ purifies the temple, flanked by Darius purifies the temple l, and Judas Maccabaeus purifies the temple r. c.1465


1455-1500

Israhel van Meckenem
Date
1460-1500
The expulsion of the moneychangers; within the temple, Christ stands to the left, swinging a scourge; the moneychangers escape towards the right; first state
Engraving

Hans Schäufelein
Christ purifying the Temple; lashing out with a scourge at centre; the money-lenders and traders fleeing. Illustration to Ulrich Pinder, 'Speculum Passionis domini nostri Ihesu christi...', Nuremberg: Friedrich Peypus, 1507.
Woodcut


After Albrecht Dürer
Print made by Marcantonio
1510-1515

Print made by Dirk Volkertsz Coornhert
After Maarten van Heemskerck
Christ driving the money-lenders from the Temple; Christ raises a rope above his head and whips the traders in the temple; He tramples on some and others escape through a doorway at right; after Heemskerck. 1548



Print made by Lucas van Doetecum
After Gerard van Groeningen
Date
1572 (c.)



Christoph Endter
The expulsion of the moneychangers; Christ holding a scourge in left foreground; a table being overturned on top of a changer in foreground, while other traders flee the temple; illustration to 'Biblia', Nuremberg: Christoph Endter, 1670.
-------------------


BASSANO, Jacopo
The Purification of the Temple
-
Oil on canvas
National Gallery, London
==================================

=====================МЕНЯЛЫ=================================


Quentin Metsys, Les prêteurs d'argent (c. 1515)


MASSYS, Quentin
The Moneylender and his Wife
1514
Oil on panel, 71 x 68 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris




Suppliant Peasants In The Office Of Two Tax Collectors by Quentin Massys

------------------------------------------
===========Marinus van REYMERSWAELE=======

Flemish painter (b. ca. 1490, Reymerswale, d. ca. 1567)

Его картины у меня уже были, но, поскольку они- одни из лучших, часть выкладываю повторно:


The Tax Collectors
-
Oil on canvas, 84 x 60 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

The Tax Collectors
1540s
Oil on panel, 94 x 77 cm
Musйe du Louvre, Paris



Меняла с женой
REYMERSWAELE, Marinus van
Money-Changer and his Wife
1539
Oil on panel, 83 x 97 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid



Менялы
Les compteurs d'argent (vers 1575-1600); ce tableau anonyme reprend une composition après de Marinus Claez. van Reymerswaele qui représente des usuriers anversois. Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nancy.


Сборщики налогов
Tax collectors in their office, oil on canvas, 87.5 x 69 cm
Date
16th century or later
anonymous, after Marinus Claesz. van Reymerswaele



===================Rembrandt==================


Print made by Rembrandt
1639
Portrait of Jan Uytenbogaert, 'The Goldweigher'


Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn
The Money Changer

The Money Exchanger (Parable of the Rich Man)
Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn
(1606-1669/Dutch)
SMPK, Gemaldegalerie, Berlin, Germany

-------------------------------------------------------


RIBERA, Jusepe de
An Old Money-Lender
1638
Oil on canvas, 76 x 62 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid


DOU, Gerrit
The Moneylender
1664
Oil on wood, 29 x 23 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris



Giuseppe Maria Mitelli
1675-1710
Three trios, of foxes with a hen, of money-lenders with a victim, and cats with a mouse


After George van der Mijn
Print made by Charles Spooner
1735-1767


-------------------------Сценки--------------------



Print made by Johann Christian Reinhart
Date
1786

Print made by Thomas Rowlandson
Date
1784

======================КАРИКАТУРЫ===============
--------------------------------------------------


An broadside satirising Jewish corn and wine merchants as greedy usurers and religious enemies; with an engraving signed SV showing a wine barrel and corn sacks on a carriage driven by the devil, on the load two rich merchants, at the end of the carriage a fox dragging in his net a group of poor people, in the left background a barn and a partly destroyed corn field, on the right a bare vineyard and a wine cellar run by devils; with engraved Latin and German inscriptions, title, and text. (n.p.: [1629])


Der Wein Jud.
An broadside satirising Jewish wine merchants as greedy usurers and religious enemies; with an engraving signed SV showing a wine barrel on a carriage driven by the devil, on the barrel a large, double-faced figure of a wine merchant, behind him on the barrel a fox dragging in a net a group of poor people.[1629])



Usury bridled or hoppy-kikki hall, in an uproar
1777


Henry Heath
1827



Print made by Henry Heath
1824
Interior of a pawnshop


Print made by Charles Ansell
Date
1796
===================================


Демон денег
Mercurius Christianus
Print made by William Faithorne
1651



======================================================

http://www.google.ru/images?um=1&hl=ru&newwindow=1&client=firefox&rls=org.mozilla:ru:official&tbs=isch:1&btnG=%D0%9F%D0%BE%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%BA&aq=f&aqi=&oq=&gs_rfai=&q=The%20Calling%20of%20Matthew

http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B7%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5_%D0%B0%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B0_%D0%9C%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%84%D0%B5%D1%8F

http://www.britishmuseum.org/
http://www.artcyclopedia.com/scripts/tsearch.pl?t=money+lender&type=2
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