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Старинные изображения животных.A Book of Four-Footed Beasts-1658-64


Мантикора, возможно, самое кровожадное и опасное из вымышленных существ.

Боа и гидра


Здесь картинки из двух старинных книг второй половины 17-го века.
Вместе с реальными животными, которые существуют и сейчас, мы видим драконов, грифонов и единорогов- считалось, что они реально существуют.
Животных рисовали по описаниям путешественников, поэтому кому как повезло: кто-то совсем на себя не похож, кто-то с человеческим лицом, а кого-то просто могли выдумать, как и людей с волчьими головами и т.п.



--------------------МИНИАТЮРЫ--------------
=================================================


Крокодил- часто изображался в виде змея, считался представителем Ада.
a crocodile (c. 1170), which is devouring a water serpent.



Слоны, их часто рисовали в виде лошадей или собак с хоботом.
This illustration was made in 1230 AD. The tusked animals are elephants.



------------A Book of Four-Footed Beasts-1664-----------
=====================================================
--------Published by John Overton и Peter Stent--------

==================================================

An arrangement of animals and mythical creatures, including a tiger peering into a cage with a mirror, and a humanoid monster (horse-like man) with bow and arrow
Engraving; lettered with identifications "a Hound/Ape/a Leopard/Ape/a Tarter/a hare/a Tiger/a Panther/a maille Leopard/a Lyon/Tigers/Tigres/The true Effigies of A monstrous Tarter taken in Hungary by Count Serini feb. 1664 and is kept alive"; numbered "269"


An arrangement of animals in four rows of four, with a seal at top left and a horse at lower right
Engraving; lettered with identifications "Alburnus/Faber piscis/Mugil/Asellus minor"; lettered "Adr. Collaert fec./Th. Galle excud."; numbered "277"


An arrangement of animals and mythical creatures, a with a salamader in flames at bottom centre, a dragon, boar, porcupine, hedghog, cat, lion, reindeer, etc.
Engraving

Inscriptions
Inscription Language:
Inscription Content: Lettered with the address: (P. Stent. ex) Sold by I: Overton at the white horse withou[sic] Newgate"; lettered with identifications "Boer/Lizard/Rat/Cat/mouse/Hedghog/Dragon/Calf/Bear/ Ram/Porcupine/Lion/Salmander[sic]/a reijner"; numbered "278"


An arrangement of animals, including a leopard at top left, two stags at top right, a bear at lower left, and a lion at lower right
Engraving; lettered with identifications "Dogg/a Stagg/a Stagg/Leopardus a Leopard/a Hart/a Fox/Leo a Lion/a Lambe/a Beare/Vrsus a Beare"; numbered "275"


Животные из Вест-Индии. Опять единорог.
Справа внизу похожий на дракона зверь "Su"
A arrangement of animals and mythical creatures, with a unicorn at lower left, a tiger at upper right, and a hamster at lower left
Engraving
; lettered with identifications "A Weasel/Tiger/Water lizards/A Seawolfe/Hamster, or Cricetus/Unicorn/Su, this monstrous beast are & is found in the West Indies"; numbered "255"


Hounds and greyhounds in various poses, interspersed with smaller depictions of dogs hunting the hare and stag


An arrangement of animals, with a lynx at bottom right (more resembles a tiger), a unicorn purifying a pond at lower centre, an otter eating a fish at top left, and a dragon near top centre
Engraving
; lettered with identifications "a otter/dragon/Ichneumon/a ounce/a Hyaena/a Scythian wolf/a antelope/a fox/a Gennet cat/a Vuicorn[sic?]/a linx"; numbered "266"


В среднем ряду справа-
Martichora / павиан с человеческим лицом.
An arrangement of animals and mythical creatures, large and small, with a rhinoceros at bottom centre, a porcupine at lower left, a baboon at left centre, and a cat at centre
Engraving

Inscriptions
Inscription Language:
Inscription Content: Lettered with the address: "Sold by I. Overton at the White horse without Newgate/P. Stent ex."; lettered throughout with identifications "Herinaceus/L. Gulo/L. Capra Libycae/a Mous[sic]/a Rat/L. Martichora/Cynocephalus a Monky[sic]/L. Felles a Cat/Hystrix/Rhinocerons[sic]/Sus. a hog"; numered "254


An arrangement of animals, with a camel at lower left, an elephant at lower right, and a ferret at top right
lettered with identifications "Ichneumon/a Buffe/a ferret/a lion/a elk/pig conij/a wolfe/camelus/a dogge/Elephant"; numbered "261"



An arrangement of animals, with a large lion at bottom centre, a unicorn at top centre, a greyhound at bottom right, a tigress feeding her young at bottom left, a beaver, boar, hedghog, etc.
lettered throughout with identifications "A Hare./A Leopard./Rattes./A Unicorne./A Foxe./A Beaver./A Hedghog./A Boare./A Tiger and her Whewlpes./A Lion./A Gray-hound."; numbered "273"




An arrangement of mammals, including a sloth at lower left centre and an anteater at lower left, with small vignettes depicting native Brazilians hunting at top right, Adam and Eve at the Tree of Knowledge at top left, and a large palm tree at right
Engraving
lettered with identifications "a brasillian cart/Brasillians their manner of hunting/A Tiger/A Brasillian mouse/A water hog/A hart/wilde hogs/the lasie beast which goeth but 20 passes in 6 days time then he doth his best/A hart/A snake in brassill which can swallow a whole hart at once and is above 24 foot long/A anta/Tamandua which eats asps his tongue is 1 yard 3/4 long and 1 ell thick like a string of a base/these beasts are found in AMERYCA"; numbered "270"



С человеческим лицом- гиена.
Title, "ANIMALIVM QVAdrupedum..." in a small cartouche at bottom centre; with an arrangement of animals, including a bull at lower left and a hippopotamus at lower right
Lettered title reads: "ANIMALIVUM QUAdrupedum liber Secundus, The Second part of Fower-footed Creatuers/Printed by I: Overton at ye white horse by th[squeezed in, over erasure] old Baly without Newgate"; lettered with identifications: "a Tortoise/a Eale/a Ram/a Toad/a Getulian Squirriel[sic]/a Buck/Hyaena/a Elk/a Ethopian[sic] Hog/Manticor/Papionae/a Ethopian[sic] Horse/a Bull/Hipat"


---------------------------------Книга -1658 ----------------------------------------
================================================
The history of four-footed beasts and serpents... by Edward Topsell, printed by E. Cotes for G. Sawbridge, T. Williams and T. Johnson in London
=========================================


Boa
боа
-------------------------------------Единороги-------------------
============================================

Единорог

------------


unicorn-engraving

Monoceros (Unicorn) Engraving


------------------Драконы--------------


дракон




Грифон
-----------------------------------------

Морской волк

Еще один бегемот- Морская лошадь
----------------------------------

Гиена
Hyaena, called Papio or Dabah



Египетско-арабский крокодил


----------------------Обезьянки-----------------------
=======================================


Prasyan Apes

Бабуин

Cepus or Martine Munkey

-------------------ЛЮДИ-------------
============================================

Satyre

Man Ape
Человек-Обезьяна

-----------Полулюди и животные с человеческим лицом-------
=================================================


ленивец
depictions of a sloth (1573)


Wild Beast in the New-found World called Su


Гидра



Lamia


Bear Ape Arctopithecus
Медведь-Обезьяна Arctopithecus

------------------------------Mantichora ------------------------
=========================================

Mantichora

Мантикора, возможно, самое кровожадное и опасное из вымышленных существ. У нее туловище льва, человеческое лицо, голубые глаза и голос, подобный звучанию свирели. Но главные и самые ужасные ее черты - три ряда зубов во рту, ядовитое жало на конце хвоста, как у скорпиона, и отравленные шипы на хвосте, которые мантикора может выстреливать в любом направлении. Наконец, "мантикора" в переводе с фарси означает - "людоед".
Наиболее полное древнее описание мантикоры сделано во II веке н. э. Элианом. Он приводит несколько любопытных подробностей:


Manticore
"Всякого, кто приближается к ней, она поражает своим жалом... Ядовитые шипы на ее хвосте по толщине сравнимы со стеблем камыша, а в длину имеют около 30 сантиметров... Она способна победить любое из животных, за исключением льва".
О ней- в следующем посте.


Все картинки здесь:
============================
http://digital.lib.uh.edu/cdm4/results.php?CISOOP1=any&CISOFIELD1=CISOSEARCHALL&CISOROOT=/p15195coll18&CISOBOX1=four-footed&CISOSTART=1,61
И здесь:
http://www.fromoldbooks.org/Jonstonus-FourFootedBeasts/
Сама книга:
http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/HistSciTech/HistSciTech-idx?id=HistSciTech.Jonstonus

Еще непохожие на себя животные:
==============================================


Слоны 14-17 век-ТУТ



КИТЫ,история изображений-ТУТ
-------------------------------------

Тhanks to:
seriykotik
http://www.flickr.com/photos/seriykotik/sets/72057594093442640/with/278431377/
http://phthiraptera.blogspot.com/2009/12/foure-footed-beastes.html
http://www.britishmuseum.org/
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